Coordinated expression of galectin-3 and caveolin-1 in thyroid cancer.
|Authors||Shankar J, Wiseman SM, Meng F, Kasaian K, Strugnell S, Mofid A, Gown A, Jones SJ & Nabi IR.|
|Abstract||Galectin-3 (Gal3) is the single most accurate marker for the diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Gal3 overrides the tumour suppressor activity of caveolin-1 (Cav1) and functions in concert with Cav1 to promote focal adhesion turnover and tumour cell migration and invasion. To study their coordinated role in progression of a human cancer, we investigated the expression of Gal3 and Cav1 in specimens of human benign thyroid lesions, DTC and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). Gal3 and Cav1 expression is significantly associated with DTC and ATC, but not benign nodules. Essentially all Cav1-positive DTC cancers express Gal3, supporting the synergistic activity of these two proteins in DTC progression. Similarly, coordinated elevated Gal3/Cav1 expression was observed in three DTC-derived cell lines (papillary TCP1 and KTC1 and follicular FTC133) but only one (ACT1) of five ATC-derived cell lines. Using siRNA knockdown, Gal3 and Cav1 were shown to be required for RhoA GTPase activation, stabilization of focal adhesion kinase (FAK; a measure of focal adhesion signalling and turnover) and increased migration of the DTC cell lines studied, but not the ATC cell lines, including ACT1, which expresses elevated levels of Gal3 and Cav1. Co-expression of Gal3 and Cav1 in the T238 anaplastic cell line stabilized FAK-GFP in focal adhesions. Gal3 and Cav1 therefore function synergistically to promote focal adhesion signalling, migration and progression of DTC.|
|Journal Name and Citation||
J Pathol. 2012 Sep;228(1):56-66.
|Date of Publication||2012/09/01|